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A New Dawn in Bilateral Relations: Unpacking the latest UK-Nigeria £7 billion Trade Deal

The recent trade agreement between the United Kingdom and Nigeria marks a significant milestone in the bilateral relations between the two nations.

The new deal is worth £7 billion, aimed unlock new opportunities in sectors such as energy, legal and financial services. Find out more here.

Nigeria is the biggest economy in Africa and one of the world’s fastest growing economies, predicted to grow to be one of the top 20 GDP countries by 2035. The population is also project to nearly double to over 370 million people by 2050. Find out more here.

The giant in Africa is presenting many opportunities for businesses and countries around the world to have access to a growing dedicated workforce, with capabilities for manufacturing, skill exchange and access to new markets and export channels. Looking at the UK more specifically, the recent trade deal will help foster economic growth, job creation, and increased prosperity for both countries.

Let's delve into the key aspects of the agreement, examining its potential impact on various sectors, and analyzing the broader implications for the global economic landscape.

African businessman walking infront of sky scrapers



The history between the United Kingdom and Nigeria has been shaped by a complex interplay of colonial legacies, economic ties, and cultural connections. Both nations have recognized the need to adapt and strengthen their relationship through trade agreements that reflect the current global economic realities. The recent deal, negotiated over months of deliberation, aims to provide a framework for enhancing economic cooperation, reducing trade barriers, and unlocking new opportunities for businesses on both sides.

Key Components of the Trade Deal

Tariff Reduction and Elimination

One of the primary objectives of the trade deal is to reduce and, in some cases, eliminate tariffs on a range of goods and services. This move is expected to boost trade volumes between the UK and Nigeria, making products more affordable for consumers and facilitating smoother cross-border transactions. Sectors such as energy, agriculture, manufacturing, and technology are likely to witness a surge in trade activities.

Market Access and Investment Opportunities

The agreement outlines provisions for improved market access for businesses in both countries. By easing restrictions and creating a more favorable business environment, the deal aims to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) and encourage companies to explore new markets. Nigerian businesses, in particular, stand to benefit from increased access to UK investors, while British companies gain access to physical and human resources in one of Africa's largest, most vibrant economies.

Mutual Recognition of Standards

Aligning regulatory standards is crucial for seamless trade. The trade deal addresses the issue of standards recognition, enabling products and services to meet a common set of guidelines. This not only simplifies the export-import process but also ensures that consumers in both nations receive goods and services of high quality and safety standards.

Support for Sustainable Development

The agreement places a strong emphasis on sustainable development, acknowledging the importance of environmental and social considerations in modern trade practices. Both countries commit to promoting sustainable business practices, responsible investment, and the development of green technologies. This not only aligns with global efforts to combat climate change but also positions the UK-Nigeria trade relationship as a model for responsible international commerce.

Trade in the Energy Sector

As the world becomes increasingly interconnected, technology and energy plays a pivotal role in driving economic growth. £14 million is being allocated to infrastructural projects to help support job creation and further investment in being poured into energy with company Konnexa being the main player in facilitating growth:

"We are looking forward to investing more than £120m in renewable energy generation, transmission, distribution, and battery storage solutions to help our customers transition away from the use of fossil fuel.”

Pradeep Pursnani, CEO at Konnexa (Source link)

It's a great opportunity for British tech firms to gain access to Nigeria's burgeoning market, contributing to the development of the country's digital economy. In return, Nigerian tech companies can leverage the expertise and resources of their UK counterparts to expand their reach globally. The exchange of ideas and technology is expected to spur innovation on both sides, paving the way for collaborative ventures and joint research initiatives.

Hear from CEO David Smith on how benefits solar energy companies in Nigeria:

Challenges and Considerations

While the trade deal between the UK and Nigeria holds immense promise, it is not without its challenges. Yakubu Chonoko Maikyau, president of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA), described the legal services aspect of the deal as "unacceptable in its entirety" and that he intended "to fully challenge the legality of this agreement all the way to the Supreme Court if necessary."

Regulatory differences, and geopolitical factors can pose obstacles to the smooth implementation of the agreement. For industries such as energy, the two countries have a lot of value to exchange, but opening up to new sectors and industries can cause challenges between the way in which the two countries operate.

It is crucial for both nations to remain committed to open communication, flexibility, and the resolution of any issues that may arise during the course of the partnership.

Fluctuations in commodity prices, changes in political leadership, and unforeseen events such as the outbreak of pandemics or geopolitical tensions can influence the trajectory of the agreement.


The recent trade deal between the United Kingdom and Nigeria signifies a new chapter in their bilateral relations. By fostering economic cooperation, reducing trade barriers, and promoting sustainable development, both nations are poised to reap the benefits of a strengthened partnership. As the world navigates the complexities of the 21st century, such agreements set the stage for collaborative and mutually beneficial engagements, creating a roadmap for a more interconnected and prosperous global community.


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