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The Future of Energy in Nigeria: New Financed Renewable Systems and Their Impact on Uptake and Affordability

Diversity in the type of solar companies emerging in Nigeria is shifting.

New financed energy systems are playing a crucial role in transforming the energy landscape, making renewable power more accessible and affordable for Nigerians.

Engineer inspecting solar panels

The Current Energy Landscape in Nigeria

Nigeria's energy sector is characterized by a substantial gap between demand and supply. According to the World Bank, only about 55% of Nigerians have access to electricity, and even those connected to the grid experience frequent outages. The national grid's instability is a significant bottleneck, hindering economic growth and affecting the quality of life.

The country relies heavily on natural gas and oil for electricity generation, which poses several problems. Fossil fuels are not only environmentally detrimental but also subject to price volatility and geopolitical risks. The global shift towards sustainability underscores the urgency for Nigeria to diversify its energy sources, particularly towards renewables like solar, wind, and hydropower.

Renewable Energy Potential in Nigeria

Nigeria receives an average of 5.5 kWh/m²/day of solar radiation, which is one of the highest in the world. Wind energy potential is significant in certain regions, particularly in the northern states, while small-scale hydropower and biomass also present viable options for decentralized energy production.

Despite this immense potential, the uptake of renewable energy has been slow. High upfront costs, lack of technical expertise, and limited access to financing are major barriers. However, innovative financing schemes are beginning to change this narrative, paving the way for a more sustainable energy future. (Source: Vanguard)

Innovative Financing Schemes for Renewable Energy

Microfinance and Pay-As-You-Go (PAYG) Models

Microfinance institutions (MFIs) and PAYG models have revolutionized the renewable energy sector, particularly in rural and off-grid areas. These models allow households and small businesses to access solar energy systems with minimal upfront costs. Customers pay in small, manageable instalments, often using mobile money platforms, making renewable energy affordable even for low-income families.

Companies like Lumos and SunFi have successfully implemented PAYG and solar financing solutions in Nigeria, reaching thousands of households and significantly improving energy access.

(Source: Lumos Global, SunFi)'s energy monitoring solution is a product that can be bundled up in financing schemes to ensure the expected design life and performance of the energy asset is maximised. Home and business owners are provided real time analytics and information on the status of their energy system, further allowing for more value to be created without bearing the full cost.

Find out more here.

Green Bonds and Climate Funds

Green bonds and climate funds offer another avenue for financing renewable energy projects. These instruments are designed to raise capital for projects that have environmental benefits. In 2017, Nigeria became the first African country to issue a sovereign green bond, raising $29 million for renewable energy and afforestation projects. Such initiatives not only attract investment but also signal the government's commitment to sustainable development. (Source: LSEG)

Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs)

Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are crucial for large-scale renewable energy projects. By leveraging the strengths of both the public and private sectors, PPPs can mobilize significant financial resources and technical expertise. The Nigerian government has partnered with various international organizations and private companies to develop renewable energy infrastructure, such as the 10 MW Katsina Wind Farm and the Solar Nigeria Project, which aims to provide solar power to schools and clinics. (Source: ReGlobal)

International Development Assistance

International development agencies and financial institutions play a pivotal role in financing renewable energy projects in Nigeria. The World Bank, the African Development Bank (AfDB), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) have all provided funding and technical support for various renewable energy initiatives. These collaborations often include grants, concessional loans, and technical assistance to enhance project viability and sustainability.

Crowdfunding and Community Financing

Crowdfunding and community financing are emerging as innovative ways to fund renewable energy projects. Platforms like WeShareSolar and Trine allow individuals and communities to invest in solar projects, providing much-needed capital while fostering local ownership and engagement. Such models can be particularly effective in rural areas, where traditional financing mechanisms may be less accessible. (Source: We Share Solar, Trine)

Impact of Financing Schemes on Uptake and Affordability

The introduction of these innovative financing schemes has had a profound impact on the uptake and affordability of renewable energy in Nigeria. Here's how:

Increased Access to Capital

Innovative financing mechanisms have significantly lowered the financial barriers to renewable energy adoption. By providing access to capital, these schemes enable households, businesses, and communities to invest in renewable energy systems without bearing the full upfront costs. This democratization of access is crucial for widespread adoption.

Affordable Energy Solutions

Financing schemes like PAYG make renewable energy affordable for low-income households. Instead of paying a large sum upfront, customers can spread the cost over time, making it comparable to or even cheaper than traditional energy sources. This affordability is critical in a country where a significant portion of the population lives below the poverty line.

Enhanced Energy Security

By diversifying the energy mix and reducing dependence on fossil fuels, renewable energy financed through innovative schemes enhances energy security. This diversification not only stabilizes the energy supply but also shields the economy from the volatility of global oil prices.

Economic Empowerment

Access to reliable and affordable energy has a ripple effect on economic empowerment. With stable electricity, small businesses can operate more efficiently, students can study after dark, and healthcare facilities can provide better services. This, in turn, stimulates economic growth and improves living standards.

Environmental Benefits

Increasing the uptake of renewable energy reduces greenhouse gas emissions and environmental degradation associated with fossil fuels. This shift contributes to global efforts to combat climate change and promotes sustainable development.

Job Creation

The renewable energy sector is a significant source of employment. From manufacturing and installation to maintenance and distribution, renewable energy projects create jobs at various skill levels. This job creation is particularly important in Nigeria, where youth unemployment is a pressing issue.

Challenges and the Way Forward

While innovative financing schemes have made significant strides in promoting renewable energy in Nigeria, several challenges remain. These include:

Regulatory and Policy Hurdles

Inconsistent policies and regulatory bottlenecks can hinder the growth of renewable energy projects. Streamlining regulations and creating a conducive policy environment is essential for attracting investment and ensuring project success.

Capacity Building

There is a need for capacity building at various levels, from technical skills for installing and maintaining renewable energy systems to financial literacy for managing innovative financing models. Training programs and educational initiatives can help bridge this gap.

Infrastructure Development

Developing the necessary infrastructure, particularly in rural areas, is crucial for the successful deployment of renewable energy systems. This includes not only physical infrastructure but also digital infrastructure for mobile money and other payment systems.

Sustained Investment

Sustaining investment in renewable energy requires continuous efforts to attract both domestic and international investors. This can be achieved through clear policy signals, financial incentives, and showcasing successful projects.


The future of energy in Nigeria looks promising, with renewable energy poised to play a pivotal role in addressing the country's energy challenges. Innovative financing schemes have proven to be game-changers, making renewable energy more accessible and affordable for millions of Nigerians. By continuing to leverage these schemes and addressing the remaining challenges, Nigeria can achieve a sustainable and inclusive energy future. This transition will not only enhance energy security and economic growth but also contribute to global efforts to combat climate change, ensuring a brighter future for all Nigerians.


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